Having trouble understanding how different SaaS billing models work? This article covers everything you need to know. Table of contentsUnderstanding Billing Models for SaaSBilling Model vs. Pricing Strategy (Explained)SaaS Billing Models Explained6 Key Factors In Billing Models for SaaSFAQs Are you sure you\u2019re using the right billing model and pricing strategy for your SaaS product? This is one thing where there is no place for guesswork. In fact, even a 1% boost in your monetization efforts can lead to a 12.7% profit increase. That\u2019s why so many SaaS businesses are regularly reviewing their business models, trying to find the sweet spot between profitability and customer satisfaction. But what SaaS billing models do you even have at your disposal? And how to know which one is the right fit for your specific business? In this report, we\u2019ll cover all of this and more. Key Takeaways A SaaS billing model is the specific method a company uses to charge its customers for the use of its software product. The difference between a billing model and a pricing strategy is that a billing model determines how a customer will charged for the product, while a pricing strategy defines the overall approach to setting prices. The most popular SaaS billing models include subscription-based billing, usage-based billing, and hybrid billing (a mix of the two). Other popular billing models include fixed, recurring, pay-as-you-go, tiered, per-user, and freemium billing. When choosing a billing model for your own SaaS, make sure you understand your customer\u2019s needs, determine the value metrics, conduct competitor analysis, calculate your customer acquisition costs, and collaborate with other departments. Understanding Billing Models for SaaS SaaS billing models are the specific structures and methods that SaaS companies use to charge customers for their software products and services. Compared to traditional billing models where companies typically offer a one-time fixed payment, SaaS billing models mostly revolve around usage-based and subscription-based billing strategies. To be precise, 38% of SaaS companies implement some form of usage-based billing. That\u2019s why SaaS billing in general comes with its own unique challenges as well \u2013 analyzing usage patterns, managing fluctuating billing cycles, implementing proper dunning features, handling recurring billing, and more. Billing Model vs. Pricing Strategy (Explained) Before we dive deeper, it's important that we distinguish between these two often-confused terms - the billing model and the pricing strategy. Understanding this difference will help you make more informed decisions in structuring your own SaaS offerings. The billing model primarily defines how you charge your customers for the use of your SaaS product. It refers to how and when customers are billed, and the structure of those bills. A pricing strategy, on the other hand, is a broader approach to determining how a business sets the prices for its products. It encompasses the entire process of pricing, from understanding market dynamics, customer segments, and competition to setting the actual prices and adjusting them over time. Overall, the billing model and pricing strategy are interrelated, but they serve different purposes. AspectBilling ModelPricing StrategyDefinitionHow a company charges its customers for its software productThe overall approach a company uses to determine the prices for its softwareFocusPrimarily concerned with the mechanics of invoicing, payment terms, revenue collection, and similar billing nuancesConcerned with setting the actual prices for products based on various factorsObjectiveTo optimize revenue collection and ensure customers are charged correctly and consistentlyTo maximize profitability, market share, or other strategic goals by setting competitive prices SaaS Billing Models Explained Now that we\u2019ve covered the fundamentals of SaaS billing models, let\u2019s get into the different types of models that are most prevalent among companies. Fixed Billing Model The fixed billing model, also known as the flat-rate pricing model, is one of the most straightforward approaches to SaaS billing. In this billing system, customers are charged a predetermined fee at regular intervals, often monthly or annually, regardless of their usage. It's a great choice for businesses looking to offer simple, predictable pricing to their customers. However, it may not be the most cost-effective option for customers whose usage fluctuates significantly, as they may end up paying for resources they don't fully utilize. Subscription-Based Billing Model The subscription-based billing model is a classic approach in the world of SaaS. It\u2019s also one of the most popular \u2013 almost all new software entrants and 80% of historical SaaS businesses implement a subscription-based billing model. Under this model, customers pay a recurring fee at fixed intervals, such as monthly or annually, in exchange for continuous access to the software. Instead of purchasing the software outright, customers subscribe to the product and are charged at regular intervals for ongoing access. Recurring Billing Model Recurring billing basically refers to the same charging practice as subscription-based billing \u2013 the company is charging customers at regular intervals, typically monthly or annually, for ongoing access to a software application. Usage-Based Billing Model Usage-based billing is another highly popular SaaS billing model where customers are charged based on their actual usage of the software. Instead of a fixed monthly fee, users pay for what they consume. According to a recent study, 3 out of 5 SaaS businesses implement some form of usage-based billing nowadays. To implement usage-based billing, SaaS providers need to track specific usage metrics, such as the number of users, data storage, API calls, or features accessed. Customers are then billed according to these metrics. Tiered Billing Model The tiered billing model offers multiple subscription tiers, each with different features and price points. It works by providing customers with a range of options to choose from based on their needs and budget. Typically, SaaS providers create three or more tiers (e.g., Basic, Pro, and Enterprise) with increasing levels of functionality. Basic tiers are cost-effective but usually offer limited features, while higher tiers are more feature-rich and can accommodate larger usage. Value-Based Billing Model The value-based billing model charges customers based on the perceived value they receive from using the software. It works by assessing customer needs, usage patterns, and the impact of the software on their business. This model often involves tiered pricing, where different features or usage levels come with varying price points. Naturally, customers who benefit more or use advanced features pay a higher fee, while basic users pay less. Per-User Billing Model The per-user billing model charges customers based on the number of users accessing the software. Each user is assigned a specific rate, and the total cost depends on the cumulative number of users. This model is prevalent in collaboration tools, project management software, and CRM systems. SaaS providers typically offer various pricing tiers, each with a defined user limit. As the number of users grows, so does the cost. Freemium Billing Model The freemium billing model offers both free and paid subscription options. SaaS providers provide a basic version of their software for free, typically with limited features or usage. Users can access this free version without any upfront payment. The goal is to attract a wide user base and entice them to upgrade to a premium, paid version for more advanced features or additional usage capacity. Once users recognize the software's value and see a need for more advanced capabilities, they can choose to subscribe to a paid plan. Many companies have trouble deciding whether to opt for a freemium billing model or a free trial model. And if this is you, keep in mind that the freemium model conversion rate is 140% higher compared to the free trial. One-Time Purchase The one-time purchase is a billing approach where customers make a single upfront payment to acquire a software product or service. Unlike the more common subscription-based SaaS model where users pay regularly, the one-time purchase grants users perpetual access to the software without the need for ongoing payments. This model is often associated with traditional software products that are installed locally on a user's device. It typically includes a limited period of support and updates, after which customers may need to pay extra for continued maintenance, enhancements, or support. Dynamic Billing Model The dynamic billing model, aka hybrid billing, combines elements of both subscription-based and usage-based pricing. In this model, customers are typically charged a recurring subscription fee for access to the SaaS platform or service, which provides a baseline level of features or usage. On top of that, customers are billed based on their actual usage, such as the number of users, data storage, or specific actions within the software that go beyond the subscription's predefined limits. 6 Key Factors In Billing Models for SaaS When choosing a SaaS billing model for your own business, here are some of the key factors you need to consider: Understand your customer needs: Start by researching your target audience's preferences and willingness to pay. You will likely experiment with different billing models over time, but each one should be based on thorough customer research. Determine the value metrics: If you decide to go with usage-based pricing, you need to determine the most relevant unit of measurement (e.g., users, storage, transactions). It\u2019s important that it aligns with the perceived value of your SaaS product. Conduct thorough competitor analysis: Don\u2019t be lazy when researching your competitors' pricing strategies and positioning in the market. You want to price your SaaS competitively, while also clearly highlighting your unique value proposition. Calculate your Customer Acquisition Cost (CAC): Consider how your billing model affects your CAC. For example, annual billing might require more upfront customer acquisition investment but can result in higher long-term returns. Decide if you want to offer trial periods: Offering a free trial or a freemium version of your product is highly popular nowadays. See what your competition is doing and be open to experimenting with both until you find the right strategy for your product. Collaborate with other departments: Picking a billing model requires input from several departments, including sales, marketing, and product developers. Each will have significant insights that will help shape the right strategy. Automate Your Billing Process with Tridens So, have you made a decision about which SaaS billing model you will use in your business? If the answer is yes, don\u2019t forget one crucial thing that goes along with it\u2026 SaaS billing software. You need SaaS billing software to automate your subscription management, billing, and revenue recognition. It helps you save time, eliminate manual errors, boost customer experience, and manage your complex billing model. And with Tridens, you get all of this (and more). From usage-based billing to a more dynamic approach, we handle your end-to-end billing process so you can focus on growing your business. FAQs How is SaaS charged? SaaS products are typically charged on a usage-based or subscription basis. Customers pay a recurring fee, often monthly or annually, to access and use the SaaS application.However, it\u2019s not strictly limited to these two options. SaaS businesses can also opt for fixed, pay-as-you-go, tiered, per-user, freemium, and dynamic billing models. What is the per-user billing model? The per-user billing model is when customers are charged based on the number of users or employees who access the software. Each user's access is individually tracked and the cost is determined by multiplying the per-user rate by the total number of users. What is the 10x rule of SaaS pricing? The "10x rule" in SaaS pricing suggests that the annual contract value (ACV) of a subscription should ideally be around ten times the customer acquisition cost (CAC).In other words, a SaaS company should aim to earn at least ten times the amount it invests in acquiring a customer over the course of a year. This ratio ensures that the company can cover costs, make a profit, and grow sustainably.